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Peach differenciates itself from other stonefruit for its typical velvet-like skin. There are 2 big families: yellow skin fruit and red skin fruit, which can have yellow or white flesh depending on the variety. Its colour varies from light red with yellow patches to entirely red; the flesh is very juicy and aromatic which makes it a desired fruit. The flavour and aroma of the peach is very rich thanks to a combination of more than 80 different substances.

The peach tree origins in China; it then travelled to Japan and Persia where Alexander The Great discovered it and transported it to Greece (and therefore its Latin name is Prunus Persica). In “La Serreta”, a small place between the villages of Abarán and Cieza in the South Eastern Spanish province of Murcia, remains from the 3rd century AC of pinewood, plum and peach stones have been found. This is evidence of the first reference of the cultivation of these two types of fruit in this area. In all times, the peach has been appreciated and has been used to prepare delicious deserts. In the period of Louis XIV, La Quintinie found fantastic varieties. Peach helped creating very refined deserts: Bourdaloue, Cardinal, Condé, fritters, flambed, Empress style… 
It is basically grown in the Mediterranean countries. The European garden of this fruit tree are Italy, Spain, France and Greece and it is also grown in the United States of America, South America, Australia, South Africa and China. The European season starts in Spain, around the end of April and continues until mid October. From June to September, Italy, France and Greece join the Spanish production. During the winter months and up to March, Europe is supplied with peaches from South Africa, Argentina and Chile.

Peaches are 87% water, proteins and lipids. They contain numerous vitamins like B3, B5 and E; they also contain 12% of the daily-recommended quantity of vitamin C and 50% of vitamin A (carotene) by unit. They are also rich in various minerals like potassium, phosphorus, iron and magnesium and many oligoelements like magnesium, copper, zinc as well as iodine and selenium.
Peach finally has a positive influence on the urinary system.

Recommendations of conservation and consumption
Peach is a climacteric fruit (it ripens after harvest) and we, therefore, recommend to keep the fruit refrigerated and consume it at room temperature. This is very important as you can decide how to eat the fruit, firm and crunchy or soft and juicy. By simply leaving it at room temperature for a while (until it feels slightly soft when you apply pressure on it with your hand), you can reach your preferred maturity level. Peach is normally eaten fresh although it is also used in fruit salads, compotes, jams and Sangria (typical in Spain). As a novelty, it can be prepared as a drink called ”refreshing peach” where the peach is pierced and put in a glass filled with champagne.
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